|Tanite tekuak ush? Shakaikanit anite takuan.||Where is the boat? It’s on the lake.|
The locative noun shakaikan ‘lake’ in the above example is in the locative. The locative is marked by the suffix -it. It indicates location, direction, or position.
Sometimes the locative suffix is written and pronounced as -t or -ut, as in the following examples:
|Add only -t|
|nipi||→||nipit||in the water|
|ashini||→||ashinit||on the rock|
|assi||→||assit||in/on the land|
|Final u is dropped|
|meshkanau||→||meshkanat||on the road, the trail|
|Final u changes to i|
|shipu||→||shipit||in/on the river|
|pitshu||→||pitshit||in the gum|
|Raised u becomes u and -t is added|
|masseku||→||massekut||in the marsh|
|minishtiku||→||minishtikut||on the island|
To specify position or direction the locative noun can be combined with a particle of location, like: utat behind, pessish close to, shipa under, etc.
This page was adapted from Clarke, S. et MacKenzie, M. (2010): Labrador Innu-Aimun: an introduction to the Sheshatshiu dialect. Second edition. Department of Linguistics. Memorial University. (lesson 4, p.20)
Note: While place names and toponyms are often locative, their form in the Innu dictionary is never in the locative.