Observation
nashkumeu s/he thanks her/him tshinashkumin you thank me
nashueu s/he follows her/him tshinashun you follow me
nateu s/he goes to meet her/him tshinashin you go to meet me

The verbs above are distinguished by their stem. The stem of nashkumeu is nashkum- and ends in m, while the stem of nashueu is nashu- and ends in shu. That of nateu sometimes ends in t (nat-), sometimes in sh (nash-). The ending varies depending on the form of the stem. There are 6 stem types for animate transitive verbs (VTA):

  • Stems ending in m, n or ń: uapameu, naskumeu, akuneu, kańeu
  • Stems ending in t (sometimes sh): mińuateu, nateu
  • Stems ending in long i: uitshieu, shetshieu, metueieu
  • Stems ending in u (sometimes a): petueu, katueu
  • Stems ending in au or eu: ńakaueu, uitsheueu
  • Stems ending in shu: nashueu, pashkushueu
EXAMPLES OF TA STEMS
m nashkumeu s/he thanks her/him tshinashkumin you thank me
n akuneu s/he photographs her/him apu akunin you didn’t photograph me
ń kańeu s/he hides her/him nikańau I hide her/him
t (sh) nateu s/he goes to meet her/him tshinashin you go to meet me
i shetshieu s/he frightens her/him apu shetshit you don’t frighten her/him
metueieu s/he makes her/him play metuei! make her/him play!
u (a) katueu s/he hides her/him tshikatuatin I hide something from you
shu nashueu s/he follows her/him tshinashun you follow me
pashkushueu s/he shaves her/his head eka pashkushu! don’t shave her/his head!
au ńakaueu s/he meets her/him tshińakautin I meet you
eu uitsheueu s/he accompanies her/him nuitsheuikunan s/he accompanies us

related topics
Verb Stems Roots, stems and inflections
Verb Classes Verb conjugations