uikan it’s delicious uikanipan it was delicious
tshishin it’s cold apu tshishik it’s not cold

The verbs uikan and tshishin have stems ending in n. Note that the verb does not have the final -u, characteristic of the third person in the Independent Indicative Present. Also, in the 3rd person conjunct, the final n of the stem is deleted and the ending is -k instead of the -t that is used with other II stems.

The n from the stem is visible in most forms, for example in the Independent Indicative Past uikanipan it was delicious, in the obviative of the Independent Indicative Present: uikanńu (her/his meal…) is delicious, and in the Conjunct Indirect: uikanikue (I don’t know if…) it’s delicious.

pakan it is swollen apu pakak it is not swollen
uikan it’s delicious uikanipan it was delicious
animan it’s difficult apu animak it’s not difficult
tipanan it’s distinct tipananipan it was distinct
uapan it’s dawn apu uapak it’s not dawn
apatan it’s important apu apatak it’s not important
matshan it is ugly matshanipan it was ugly
nukuan it is visible apu nukuak it is not visible
upain it is lifted by the waves apu upaik it is not lifted by the waves
makain there are big waves apu makaik there are not big waves
mitshen it is plentiful apu mitshek it is not plentiful
nipin it’s summer nipinipan it was summer
tshishin it’s freezing cold apu tshishik it is not freezing cold
putin it is blurry apu putik it is not blurry
nitautshin it grows nitautshinipan it grew
takuatshin it’s autumn apu takuatshik it’s not autumn
sheun it is fragile apu sheuk it is not fragile
ńikun it is a dry snowfall ńikunipan it was a dry snowfall
akutinun it is muddy apu akutinuk it is not muddy
pipun it’s winter apu pipuk it’s not winter
eshun it is enamelled eshunitshe it must be enamelled
kashtun there is a tornado apu kashtuk there is not a tornado
  • In the independent, the vowel i is inserted between the n of the stem and a modal suffix (-pan, -tak, -shapan, -tshe, -kupan); in spoken Innu, sometimes a uBoth possibilities are historically attested, but for pedagogical reasons of uniformity in the conjugations, only the form of the suffix with the i has been kept in standard Innu spelling: nutinipan. [nutinipan] or [nutinupan] it was windy is heard.
  • It is important not to confuse the verbs that have n stems everywhere with the verbs that have un stems in the western dialects. The latter alternate in other dialects with u stems. See u(n) stems.

related topics
Verb Stems Roots, stems and inflections
Verb Classes Verb conjugations