In order to write a language down, we need to choose a writing system. Many writing systems are used for languages around the world, and can be based on images (pictograms on stone; road signs), ideas or concepts (like Chinese and Japanese ideograms), syllables (like Cree syllabics), or sounds (alphabets, like the Roman alphabet). These choices stem as much from the history of a linguistic community as they do from the structure of the language itself.
Writing is a global system of visual representations for an oral language.
The writing system is comprised of the way in which a language is visually or graphically represented, with the use of graphic symbols. The alphabet is a type of writing system.
Spelling is on another, more social, level, because it is a linguistic standard.
Spelling originates in choices made in the graphic transcription of a language. It reflects sociolinguistic norms that have generated rules to describe the “correct” way of writing a language.
The development of spelling allows for the standardization of writing in a language: with it as a base, speakers agree to write in a uniform manner and that becomes the standard spelling.
|APA:||Baraby, A.-M. (2014). Spelling. In Grammaire innue / Innu Grammar / Aimun-Mashinaikan. Retrieved from [URL]|
|MLA:||Anne-Marie Baraby. Spelling. In Grammaire innue / Innu Grammar / Aimun-Mashinaikan. 2014. Web. [date]|
[URL] = the web address of the site, beginning with http://
[Date] = the date you accessed the page, styled as follows: 13 Dec. 2013