nashkumeu s/he thanks him/her tshinashkumin you thank me

These verb stems end in the consonant m. The verbs are conjugated regularly, i.e. the form of the stem stays the same throughout the conjugation.


uishameu s/he invites him/her nuishamati I invited him/her
nishtuapameu s/he knows him/her tshinishtuapamitin I know you
natuapameu s/he goes to see him/her tshe natuapamin you go to see me
nashkumeu s/he thanks him/her tshinashkumitinan we thank you
uapameu s/he sees him/her nuapamanan we see him/her
uiteńimeu s/he finds him/her funny apu uiteńimak I don’t find him/her funny
atimeu s/he catches up with him/her on foot atimepan s/he caught up with him/her on foot
shueńimeu s/he kisses him/her shueńim! kiss him/her!
  • Since these stems end in a consonant, the vowel i must be added when adding a suffix beginning with a consonant: tshi+uapam+n = tshuapamin you see me.
  • With stems ending in m, attention must be paid when adding the thematic suffix -im-, since the vowel between the two m‘s is not pronounced: nuapamimaua I see him/her [his/her brother].
  • With mixed and non-local inverse forms, note the phenomenon of vowel harmonization with the sequences ikᵘ and iku: nuapamikᵘ [nwa:pmukw] s/he sees me, uapamiku [wa:pmuku] s/he (obv) sees me.